Pearen Family News

Pearen Family News is published by and for the Pearen family to provide a method of exchanging news, genealogy information and history between family members.

Publication Schedule
There isn’t one. The frequency of publication will be determined by the amount of information that we have to publish, in other words, it’s up to you!
The following are selected feature articles that have appeared in Pearen Family News. The complete newsletters will not be published on the Internet to protect our privacy.

Introduction from issue 1
Writing To Us
The Pearens in England  (original)     Revised 2011 version
The House That Jake Built
The Pearen-Modeland Family Connection
Historic Time-Line and the Pearen family

Introduction from Issue 1

Welcome to the first issue of the Pearen Family News. With this newsletter we hope to accomplish several objectives. As we move about the country and the world we are losing contact with each other. The newsletter will provide a medium to exchange news and if nothing else, at least think about each other once in a while. We hope that it will stimulate the interest of at least a few family members in our ongoing project to write and preserve our family history for future generations.

This newsletter has been a long time coming. Shelley and I decided to publish a newsletter several years ago but our busy modern life styles got in the way. We have both been raising our families and doing house construction and renovations etcetera. What it boils down to is we need your help. If we are to have a family newsletter it has to be a family project. We’ll put it together but you have to supply the news!


Writing To Us

Working on our genealogy and history on a global basis is a new and interesting experience. We are learning that in many cases, each country has its own methods, terminology, abbreviations, etc. It "keeps us on our toes".

When any of us receives family history or genealogy information, we make copies of it and mail it to each member of our team. There are several reasons for this.

- With copies at separate locations, we are assured that valuable information won’t get lost. (Again)
- To share the information so we can all keep our records current.
- To provide an opportunity for each of us to add or request any additional information.
- To confirm the accuracy of the information that we already have.
- So each of us knows what the others are working on.
Tips That Will Make Our Job Easier - Use white paper. Some colors copy as a dark gray background, which makes it hard to read.

- Use a black pen whenever possible. Dark blue ink is second best. Pencil copies so poorly that often it can not be read at all on the copies.

- Type your letter or information if you can. If not, please use your best handwriting. Also, please print all names, and any uncommon spelling of words or any words that might not be commonly used in all countries (Australia, Canada, England, and USA).

- Please define abbreviations or terminology that you have used if you’re not sure that all the readers are familiar with those terms. Different abbreviations are used around the globe and it can be a guessing game to identify their meaning.

- When writing dates, either spell them out fully or use the international standard of "year month day" (yy mm dd). The USA abbreviates dates one way and the rest of the world usually does it the other way except when using some computer programs that were written in the US. This keeps us constantly confused! For example 6/7/97 could be either June 7th or the 6th of July but if it is written as 97 06 07 we know that it is June 7th 1997!


The Pearens in England      Click here to see the new 2011 version

The Pearen family resided in Merton, Devon for at least 150 years from 1684 through 1832. In 1832 the parish of Merton had a population of 740 persons and comprised 3,738 acres of land. The population was gradually increasing from 689 in 1808 to 763 in 1850. Statistics available for 1808 record 77 houses containing 87 families or 689 persons. There were 314 males of whom 303 were employed in agriculture and 11 in manufacturing. Merton village, located North of Devon about 12 miles from both Bideford and Okenhampton, is a neat village containing All Saints Church, the Malt Scoop Inn, a school and about a dozen white-washed, thatch-roofed cottages.

The First Generation: Matthew
The first known ancestor of our Pearen family is Matthew, who was born about 1660. Matthew and his wife Joan first appear in the Merton parish records in 1684 with the baptism and burial of their son Mathias Peryn. They had 9 children: 6 sons of whom only one, John (1696-1772), survived to adulthood, and 3 daughters, 2 of whom survived. From 1684 to 1694 the family’s name was spelt Peryn, in 1695 Pearden and from 1696 to 1706 Pearn or Pearne. Matthew was a carpenter in Merton. A few of his projects involving church repairs are recorded in the church records of 1721 and 1724. Matthew Pearn was buried in Merton on December 12, 1727 and the following March 2, 1727 (old calendar) the administration of Matthew Perryn of Merton was approved in the Court of the Archdeaconry of Barnstaple. Unfortunately these records were destroyed in World war II.

The Pardon and Pearen Families
There was one other "Pearen" family in Merton at the time: Elias Peryn, son of Elyas and Philippe, born about 1660. Elias and his wife Mary had 5 children of whom 1 son, John (1689-1746) survived. This family continued in the form of four generations of Johns, the last of whom John Pardon was baptized in 1779, son of John and Frances.

There were other Peryn and Pearne families recorded in Merton records during the period 1599 through 1684, however the records are scanty so it is impossible to say whether our family occurs in them or arrived in Merton in 1684. In particular, the records indicate a Thomas Peryn and wife Elizabeth had at least 2 children: Thomas (baptized 1668) and Prudence (buried 1668). This family’s’ names indicate a possible relationship with our first Matthew’s family.

By 1750 there were two distinct families of Pearens in Merton: the descendants of Elias (c1660-1722) and Matthew (c1660-1727) Peryn/Pearden/Pearn. The recorded names of both families from 1670 through 1750 appear to have been at the discretion of the record keeper. In the 1680s Peryn was recorded, while during the 1720s Peardon was used. By 1757 Elias’ branch had evolved to Pardon and Matthew’s to Pearen, probably to differentiate the families.

The Second Generation: John
Matthew and Joan’s son John was baptized in Merton on January 29, 1696. He married Ann Bragg (daughter of John and Ann Bragg of Merton). John and Ann had 8 children: Matthew (1728-1793), John (1733-1787), and Thomas (1736-?), and 5 daughters. All of these children were baptized Peardon. Church records indicate John was Overseer of the Poor in 1776, and he may have been a carpenter like his father and son. When John died in 1772 he was recorded in the burial register as "John Pearen otherwise Pardon age 76 buried 30 April", and his widows’ death in 1786 is recorded as "Ann Pearn, widow 89, 9 November".

The Third Generation: Matthew and John
John and Ann’s eldest son Matthew (1728-93) married Jane Martin. The date of March 30, 1757 marks the beginning of the use of Pearen when "Matthew Pearen, carpenter, marries Jane Martin". All of Matthew’s and his brother Johns’ children were baptized Pearen. Matthew was a carpenter and the Church Poor Book of 1785 records his wages of 8s for a coffin and 4s for work on the church house. Merton Land Records exist from 1780 through 1832. The brothers Matthew and John Paren are both listed as tenants of cottages owned by Lord Oxford. In 1786 this listing changed to John and Matthew Pearen tenants of cottages and John Pardon (descendant of Elias) tenant of 3 properties. Matthew and Jane had 4 children: 1 son John and 3 daughters. John was baptized in 1760 and in 1814 married Joanna Grigg, at ages 54 and 52 respectively. There is no evidence of the birth of any children before Joanna’s death in 1817 at age 55.

The second son of John and Ann was John (1733-1787). On May 14, 1772 "John Paren married Elizabeth Fowler" the daughter of Michael Folland and Mary (Shaxton) of Merton. John and Elizabeth had 5 children, all baptized Pearen. John died in 1787, leaving 4 children aged 1˝ to 13. His land tenancy passed to his wife Elizabeth; at her death in 1803 it passed to the elder of their two surviving sons, Matthew (1764-1834).

The Fourth Generation: Matthew and John
Matthew married Elizabeth Nott in 1802 in Merton. They had 8 children: 5 sons and 3 daughters. Elizabeth died in 1819 at age 38, leaving 7 surviving children between 2 and 14 years of age. John, the eldest (baptized 1805) remained in Merton until at least 1841 and later emigrated to Australia with his family. Matthew (1807-1892) emigrated to Canada in 1832 with his cousins. Henry (baptized 1811), a shoemaker, remained in Merton. Lawrence (1813-1893) and Thomas (baptized 1817) emigrated to Canada. I have not found any data on the two remaining daughters.

John (1778-1828) married Susanna Fisher, the daughter of Joseph and Martha Fisher of Merton. John and Susanna moved to Beerlston Devon (28 miles South West on the Cornish border). Here John and Susanna raised 6 children from 1806 through 1816, then returned to Merton where they had 4 more between 1819 and 1825. Of this family, Jemima, Edward (1806-1873), John (1809-1897), Joseph (1816-1898), Henry (1823-1885) and Thomas (1825-1902), and probably Mary Ann and Elizabeth, emigrated to Canada in 1832 along with several of their Merton cousins.

By understanding the Pearen genealogy we obtain a clearer picture of why they emigrated to Canada in 1832. From land records, beginning in 1780, we see that John Pearen (1733-1787) had a small land tenancy in Merton. Upon his death his wife Elizabeth took this over, and after her death in 1803 it passed to their eldest son Matthew (1776-1834). After Matthew’s death this land would pass to his eldest son John, so his 4 other sons were willing to emigrate or like Henry, learn a trade. Even John, who presumably inherited the Merton tenancy, eventually emigrated to Australia probably for the future of his four sons.

Matthew’s brother John (1778-1828) and his wife Susanna moved to Beeralston, presumably to find work, for a period of about a dozen years, then returned to Merton in 1819. John died in 1828; in 1832 it appears as if his entire family of 8 children, ranging from 24 to 7 years of age, emigrated to Canada. According to the family bible of his son Joseph, "Joseph, the son of John and Susanna Pearen, his wife, was born in the parish of Beeralston, County of Devon, England, on the thirteenth day of March, 1816, Emigrated to Canada, British North America, with the other members of the family in the spring of 1832, being the memorable year of the first cholera, from which pestilence God in mercy preserved us all. Praise the Lord, oh my soul and forget not all his benefits."

Researched and written by Shelley J. Pearen, great-great-great-great-great-great granddaughter of Matthew Peryn / Pearden / Pearn.



The House That Jake Built

by Leah Liddell

Jacob Line Pearen was born in 1838 in the village of Merton, Devon, England to John Pearen and his wife Mary nee Line. He was the fifth of eleven children and their third son. John & Mary moved their family to Wembworthy, about 1842, where John worked as a machine maker. About 1858/60, the family moved again, this time to a farm in Winkleigh. There, Jacob married his wife, Fanny Parish. Their only child, Lucy Ann was born in 1863 in Wembworthy. Not long afterwards, Jacob sailed for Australia, with other members of his family, leaving his wife & daughter behind.

Gold Rush
It is not known what he first did on arrival in Australia but in 1867, when gold was discovered in Gympie, he headed for the goldfields. He and his partners were some of the lucky ones. They found the largest nugget to be taken from the Gympie goldfield. Known as the Big Cake, it was a great slab of retorted gold from the Monkland reef, weighing 5,972 ounces, worth on values of the time, about twenty thousand pounds, and on present day (1973) values more than a quarter of a million dollars.(Gympie Gold by Hector Holthouse Pub 1973 Angus & Robertson).

Jacob went home to England, only to find that his wife had been unfaithful to him and had given birth to a son by another man. He came back to Australia without her, but bringing with him his daughter Lucy, then age 12. Mining again appealed to him, so he put Lucy in school and headed back to the goldfields. The reef went on producing well for years, making Jacob a wealthy man.

The House
Jacob is best known for the house he built on the corner of Victoria Ave and Clifford St, on the Redcliffe Peninsula, looking across Moreton Bay and covering the entrance to the Brisbane River. Its correct name was Victoria House but it was known locally as The Lighthouse. The house is described in Gympie Gold as, ‘a wooden house, four storeys high . The third storey consisted of a garret, and perched on top of it was Pearen’s own cabin with a balcony from which he could look out to sea and a light which he burned continually as a guide to mariners. It was not an official light, but it became so well known that sailors used to watch for it, and whenever a ship anchored off the point a boat or two would soon row ashore.’

Jacob’s sister, Emma, who had travelled to Australia with him, (presumably to take care of Lucy) married almost as soon as they arrived and Lucy, herself, married in 1884. ‘Jacob became an aloof, lonely man, regarded with awe by local aborigines but with affection by sailors who always found a warm welcome in his house. Whenever there were ships in the bay, the lighthouse would be ablaze from all floors and resounding with chanties and stamping feet as guests found their land legs after long days at sea.

‘Above the second-floor balcony a strong beam and pulley projected from the roof, and brewery wagons drew up beneath it while their cargoes of casks were slung up on the upper balcony. In the first light of dawn that followed a party, it was said, unconscious sailors could be seen being lowered by block and tackle to be doused with water at the tankstand before being returned to their ships. Stairways inside the house were steep and narrow like ship’s companionways, and not for men unsteady on their feet.’ (Gympie Gold)

The interior of the house and the gardens have also been described: A tour of the house itself presents unusual interest. Low open steps lead one to the first wide, completely encircling verandah, where a couple of old chairs, relics of other days, still stand. Over the front door is Jacob Pearin’s lamp and beside it on a thickly rusted nail hangs a corroded horseshoe. One wonders whether it was placed there in the old days of Jacob Pearin. Possibly one of the sailors nailed it up.

‘The big heavy key turns slowly in the stiff lock, and the heavy front door opens creakily into the livingroom, once elegant with its fancy carved sideboard, heavy table and horsehair sofas with their curved backs and legs.

‘Now the brocaded fabric, threadbare with age, has worn away, leaving lumps of horsehair, and there is dust and silence in the room. Leaving it, one feels a little sad at this desertion, as his own footfalls sound hollowly as he proceeds to the next room.

‘This is the kitchen, the old type of spacious kitchen, complete with cupboards that even now surpass modern furniture for strength and durability. On the smoky mantlepiece is a silent clock, fancifully ornamented in the fashion of the day, and on the wall near the fireplace hangs a pair of old-fashioned bellows - still strong and in working order! The walls themselves are painted a drab indefinable shade, and brings back memories of days when the kitchen was regarded as the "dark room" of the house. How kitchens have changed!

‘But in the kitchen is the original Colonial oven, with space for fire above and below the oven and bars across the top. It would be an easy matter to put this old pioneer back into working order. Across the narrow passage are two bedrooms with strong, much carved and decorated dressing tables and iron four poster lath beds.

‘In the narrow hall is the staircase, extraordinarily narrow, once illuminated by flickering light of a hanging lamp at the foot of the stairs, a lamp which measured its light with ticking like that of a clock. That old lamp ticks yet when wound up. Working on a mechanical process, it was wound up from the bottom and ticked away, working the oil towards the wick and keeping the wick turned until the mechanism ran out and it was time to wind up the lamp again.

‘By its illumination many feet trod the staircase to the second floor - a staircase so extraordinarily narrow and steep that one wonders if there were many falls on the same steps. It raises the thought too, that in those days of narrow staircases, the ladies must have had to tread very warily, and how they carried the bulk of their skirts in such a narrow space is something of a mystery. In this instance, surely the careless footed and often tipsy seamen who attempted to ascend or descend must have had a quicker transit from one floor to another than on foot.

‘The second floor is built on the same plan as the first, and shows little difference in furniture. Conspicuous are the same once elegant horsehair sofas. The same four poster beds with their laths and high, hard mattresses are in evidence in the bedrooms, and here are several vases of exquisite Venetian glass.

‘The same steep stairway leads to the third floor. This is the garret, with the usual low sides effected by the slope of the roof. Here only broken laths indicate that four bedrooms occupied this floor. And yet another stairway leads up to the fourth floor - that old look-out cabin that still watches out to sea just as old Jacob Pearin watched so long and so often. Surely the ghost of old Jacob Pearin must often watch still!

‘And the verandahs – there are three of them; two completely encircling the house, the other a kind of balcony attached to the cabin.

‘Downstairs is a windlass, the pulley operating from the roof of the second verandah and it was by this means that heavy articles were lowered. There is a standing joke that when Jacob Pearin’s drunken guests were beyond descending by the stairs he lowered them by the windlass!

‘On the second verandah, lying near the gateway that opened to lower or raise goods, is the old leather trunk that Jacob Pearin brought from Cornwall.

‘Stiff but sound, it bears testimony of the "good old days". And surely it could tell a great story. One of the old tanks remains, though the second wascorroded, and vines trail the high old-fashioned tankstand, the top of which is level with the floor of the second verandah. From the verandahs one looks out on to a wonderful avenue of mango trees planted by old Jacob.

‘Now there are few flowers in the extensive grounds, though in the old days there was a fine garden that kept two men constantly employed. Though Jacob Pearin loved his garden, he actually knew little about the plants and left the choice to the company from whom he purchased his seeds, and left it to the gardeners to plant and tend them.

‘When old Jacob Pearin watched out to sea there was a clear sweep down to the beach. The old house has seen the beginnings of most of the giants that now almost hide its lower stories from view.’ (Extracts from A Glimpse of the Past by Gwen M Belson published in "The Great Divide" newspaper 8 Mar 1985.)

‘Old Jacob remained in his lighthouse until he died in 1916, aged seventy-eight, and after that it was taken over by his nephew who lacked the old man’s love of the sea. The old hospitality faded away and the lamp in the lookout was not lit.’ (Gympie Gold)

Jacob was a lonely man whose wealth did not bring him happiness. After Lucy married, he had no-one with whom to share the large house that became so well-known. For company, he relied on the sailors who were glad of his hospitality. Being unable to support himself, he applied for a pension so, apparently, his money did not last. His death certificate describes him as a retired contractor who died of senile decay.

The Inheritance
acob left the house to his three surviving grand-daughters, with his nephew, Harry, as trustee. Harry lived in the house until his death in 1938. Eventually, the house fell vacant and started to deteriorate. In 1967, it was passed in at auction at $7400. In February 1968, it became the property of Mr. Bob Dunstan, an airline pilot, who wanted to demolish it, so that he could build on the site. The Redcliffe Historical Society tried to raise the money to buy the house, but were unsuccessful. They then appealed to the City Council to rescue it, because of its historical significance. The council planned to allow the Historical Society to house items of historical interest there. However these plans had to be scrapped, largely because of the cost of restoring the building. It was at this point in June 1968, that the house was burnt down, leaving only a shell which had to be demolished for safety reasons.

It has been suggested to me that the house was originally built in Gympie, and later moved to Woody Point by a family member who was a carpenter. I am investigating whether there is any documentary evidence to support this story.


The fire described in the following newspaper clipping took place on June 10, 1968 and was reported in the Redcliffe Herald on June 12, 1968. Michael Pearen sent us this clipping from the Brisbane Telegraph which is no longer being published.

Landmark Destroyed In Blaze

Historic Victoria House at Redcliffe was destroyed by fire early today.

The fire broke out in the 80 year-old landmark at 3:15 a.m. and left only the shell of the building standing. Firemen said that the swaying remains of the four-storey building looked dangerous and might have to be demolished.

The fire apparently started on the ground floor and quickly spread through the second floor to the attic and lookout. Police said that there was no early clue to the cause.

Victoria House was built in the 1860s by an English migrant, Jacob Pearen, who is said to have made his fortune on the Gympie gold fields. It stood at the corner of Victoria Avenue and Clifford Street. The lookout for which the building was well known once housed a small light as a guide to shipping.

In March this year, the Redcliffe City Council decided to negotiate with the owner of Victoria House, airline pilot Mr. Bob Dunstan, to buy the house. The council planned to allow the Redcliffe Historical Society to house items of historical interest there. But in June plans to purchase the house were scrapped by the Council, largely because of the cost of restoring the building. The Historical Society had appealed to the Council to preserve the house when it was learned that Mr. Dunstan planned to pull it down to build a new home on the site. The society earlier tried unsuccessfully to raise sufficient finance to buy the house.

The Pearen - Modeland Family Connection
by Shelley J. Pearen

When I began researching Pearen family history the earliest fact I knew was that my great-great grandfather Matthew Pearen (c1808-1892) had married Mary Ann Modeland (1822-1898), the daughter of John Modeland (1795-1866) and his wife Elizabeth. I found this information in the Matthew Pearen family bible, held by my grandfather Joshua Herbert (Bert) Pearen (1884-1973). Years later, at the Ontario Archives, I was surprised to find that two other Pearen men had married Modelands. Eventually I pieced together the facts. Two Pearen brothers, who were first cousins and neighbours of my Matthew Pearen, had married two Modeland sisters, who were first cousins and neighbours of my Mary Ann Modeland. That is, Mary Modeland (1818-1880) married Joseph Pearen (1816-1898), and her sister Ann Modeland (1820-1903) married John Pearen (1809-1897). Mary and Ann Modeland were daughters of Thomas Modeland (1793-1868) and Ann Sparks or Spark. The Pearen and Modeland families met in Chinguacousy Township, Peel County, Ontario, Canada where the Modeland families settled from 1822 through 1828, and the Pearens settled about 1832. This neighbourhood was known as Harrison's or Stanley Mills, near Brampton. Coincidentally, the name Modeland, like the Pearen name, seems to have originated at a single source (Cumberland, England in 1762) and it appears that all Modeland persons are related, much like all Pearen persons are related. I will be happy to share information with anyone interested in pursuing the Modeland line farther back or forward.

The Modeland Family
The Modeland family resided in Garrigill, Cumberland, England for at least 60 years, from 1762 to 1822. Garrigill, a Chapelry of the parish of Alston, is a lead mining village, located high in the Pennine Mountains. The name "Modeland" was first used in 1762 by the vicar of St. John's Garrigill, Thomas Lancaster, who penned "John Modeland of Hadon" for John, who made "his mark" on his marriage record.

I have been unsuccessful in locating the birth of John Modeland of Hadon. Hadon could be either Hayton by Brampton in Cumberland, which was the home of several families of Maudlin, or possibly Haydon Bridge in Northumberland.

In the History of the County of Cumberland published in 1794-97, the parish of Alston is described as "a small market town, meanly built, situated on the declivity of a steep hill, inhabited by miners. In this parish are the richest lead mines in the north of England. The country is mountainous, barren and gloomy, a dreary and desolate country with an inclement climate. The buildings are stone covered in white lime, and some of them have a few trees near them, the parish is surrounded by mountains of great height and extent, chiefly covered with heath and bent, and affording a scanty pasturage. Most of the men are miners."

Today, the 270 mile long Pennine Way winds through the spine of England, between Manchester and Scotland, via Garrigill and Alston. Nearby Cross Fell's summit of 2,930 feet is the highest peak in the Pennines. Many hikers pause in Garrigill's pub before continuing a few miles farther north through the gentle South Tyne Valley to Alston, once known as the town of widows, owing to the large number of men who perished in local lead mines. Alston is the highest market town in England, and described by one travel writer as "a lumpish huddle of bowed roof and thick stone walls."

The First Generation: John
The first known ancestor of the Modeland family is John, who appears in the records of St John's Church in Garrigill in 1762 with the recording of his Banns and marriage. As mentioned previously, this was also the first occurrence of "Modeland." On 16 October 1762, John Modeland of the parish of Hadon and Sarah Pearson of Garrigill were married by Banns. Sarah had been born at Tynehead in Garrigill in 1740, the daughter of Thomas Pearson and Elizabeth Archer. John and Sarah had eight children, six sons and two daughters, of whom three sons and two daughters survived childhood. John was a miner and the family resided near various mines, as recorded by their children's baptisms, though most frequently at Tynehead, where they lived from 1763 through 1774, except for 1765 when they were recorded at Hole. In 1777 they were living at Eshgill, and at Eshgillside from 1780 until John's death in 1784. He was buried in Garrigill churchyard on 7 March 1784. Like most miners he died young, presumably in his forties. He left his widow to raise their six children, who ranged from 2 to 19 years in age. The eldest, Thomas, a miner, probably supported the family until his marriage 15 years later to Elizabeth Hall. Thomas and Elizabeth had four daughters, of whom only two survived. Sadly, Thomas died in 1804 aged 39, when his daughters were only 3 and 1. The second eldest son of John and Sarah, John, married Mary Waugh of Garrigill in 1792. These two are the ancestors of the Canadian Modeland family. The third surviving son, Joshua, married Mary Vipond in 1806 and had three daughters. It appears all the male Modeland family members emigrated by 1828.

The Second Generation: John
John and Sarah's son John was baptized in St John's Church, Garrigill on 21 February 1768. He was born at Tynehead mine, a hamlet 4 miles south of Garrigill. He was their third-born, but second surviving son, named for his father and an elder brother, John, who had died as an infant in 1765. In 1792 John married Mary Waugh, daughter of Thomas Waugh and Hannah Woodmas of Garrigill. John and Mary had five children: Thomas (1793-1868), John (1795-1866), Isaac (1798-1829), Joshua (1801-1848) and Mary (1803-?). John was a miner and worked at the Middlecraig (1793), Hiving (1795), Tynehead (1798, 1801), and Gatehead (1803) mines, according to church baptismal records. It is not known if John emigrated to North America with his children and his wife. By 1822, when the first family members emigrated, he would have been 54 years of age, a long life for a miner. His son John had emigrated to Chinguacousy Township, Peel County, Upper Canada with his wife Elizabeth Moore by 1822. John was followed by his elder brother Thomas, wife Ann Sparks and their children, who emigrated to Vermont, United States in 1825, and north to Chinguacousy in 1828. Siblings Isaac, Joshua, Mary and their mother Mary also joined the family in Chinguacousy about 1828.

The Third Generation
The 1851 Peel County census lists most of the Modeland family. Thomas (1793-1868), the eldest son, resided in a one-story log house with his wife Ann, his mother Mary Waugh Modeland and some of their ten children. John (1795-1866) and his wife Elizabeth were settled in a one-story log house with six children. Isaac (1798-1829) had died in Chinguacousy, leaving his wife Elizabeth Dawson and several children. They including son Joshua, who died in 1851 at the age of 28, daughter Mary Ann, and son John, born in 1824, who headed west to Tuckersmith Township, Huron County, Upper Canada in 1858 and raised a large family. The fourth son, Joshua (1801-1848), died in Chinguacousy, leaving his wife Emaline and at least two sons, Isaac and Joseph. By 1861, most members of the family were improving their homes and expanding their farms, and some were moving westward. In 1868, Thomas, the eldest and last of the Garrigill brothers, died at age 75, leaving about twenty members surviving in generation four, including his own ten children.

Historic Time-Line and the Pearen Family

1347-51 -The Plague of Black Death kills an estimated 75 Million people
1575 -Populations: Paris France 300,000, London England 180,000
1588 -Forks used for First time in France.
1593 -15,000 killed by Plague in London England
1594 -Heels appear on shoes.
1603 -Queen Elizabeth I died succeeded by James I of England and Ireland; Plague breaks out in England
1611 -King James Bible published
1616 -William Shakespeare dies
1621 -Huguenot rebellion in France against Louis XIII
1625 -James I of England dies, Charles I becomes King.
1627 -War between Britain and France
1639 -First Printing Press in North America at Cambridge, Mass
1641 -4 Pearne men in Merton swear allegiance (possibly our ancestors)
1660 -Oldest proven Pearen ancestor was born about 1660
1684 -First record of Pearens in Merton church records
1689 -War between France and Britain (King Williams War 1689-1697)
1707 -England and Scotland join union to create Great Britain
1719 -Daniel Defoe writes "Robinson Crusoe"
1752  -Britain and her colonies change calendar. ( September 2nd was followed by September 14 and New Year's Day was changed from March 25 to January 1)
1762 -Modeland name first appears in Garrigill, Cumberland, England
1767 -James Cook explores East Coast of Australia
1775 -American Revolution begins
1783 -American Revolutionary War ends; 30,000 Loyalists leave USA for Nova Scotia and New Brunswick.
1818 -The 49th parallel is agreed upon as border between Canada and US.
1820 -King George III of England dies
1821 -Napoleon dies
1828 -Modeland’s emigrate to North America
1832 -Pearens emigrate to Canada. Some later move from Canada to the USA.
1833 -Welland Canal finished to Port Colborne; Cholera epidemic in Toronto (1833-34) kills 600 people
1838 -Charles Dickens writes "Oliver Twist"
1846 -Potato famine in Ireland
1859 -Charles Darwin writes "Origin of the Species"
1864 -Pearens emigrate to Australia
1865 -American Civil War ends
1867 -Canadian Confederation. Alfred Nobel invents Dynamite. USA buys Alaska from Russia
1868 -Jacob Pearen strikes gold in Australia about 1868
1870 -Charles Dickens dies.
1872 -Jules Verne writes "Around the World in 80 Days"
1873 -The Typewriter is invented by Christopher Sholes; North West Mounted Police is created (Now the RCMP)
1876 -Alexander Graham Bell invents the Telephone; Mark Twain writes "Adventures of Tom Sawyer"
1881 -Coca-Cola is invented by John Pemberton
1883 -Robert Louis Stevenson writes "Treasure Island"
1891 -Zipper is invented by Whitcombe L. Judson
1894 -Rudyard Kipling writes "The Jungle Book"
1903 -Wright brothers invent the Airplane
1904 -Sir Arthur Conan Doyle writes "The Adventures of Sherloch Holmes’
1908 -Model T Ford is built by Henry Ford
1912 - The S. S. Titanic sinks killing 1,513 people.
1992 - Shelley Pearen writes "Exploring Manitoulin"; Toni Pearen records first hit song "In Your Room"
1995 -Toni Pearen stars in the comedy movie "All Men Are Liars"
1997 -Pearen Family News is first published and work begins on a Pearen family history book.

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